The unique story of Pompeii dates back to the 8th century BC and ends in 79 a.C., when the scary eruption of Vesuvius, covered with ash and lapilli, up to a height of six meters, burying its inhabitants. At the time of the eruption, many buildings werebeing reconstructed, following the earthquake in the 62 a.C. The archaeological excavations have returned loquacious cuts in the life of the inhabitants. Through the technique of castings, introduced in 1863, today it is possible to observe scenes of daily life immortalized by the eruption. Continuously subject to new excavations or restoration works, in 1980, the site was further damaged by the earthquake of Irpinia. In 1997 the archaeological area became a Heritage of Humanity.